Arleen Salles, PhD Philosophy, is a Senior Researcher at the Center for Research Ethics and Bioethics (CRB) at Uppsala University and Director of the Neuroethics Program at CIF (Centro de Investigaciones Filosoficas) in Buenos Aires, Argentina. She is a researcher and task leader in the Responsible Research and Innovation Work Package of the EU-flagship Human Brain Project. She is also board member of the International Neuroethics Society and serves as a member of the International Brain Initiative’s Neuroethics Workgroup. Salles received her M.A and Ph.D in philosophy from SUNY Buffalo, USA.
Her current research focuses on neuroethics, particularly the normative, epistemic, and ontological implications of neuroscientific findings and its applications (including brain inspired artificial intelligence). She is working on a conceptual analysis of human identity and the self, and on the impact that some neuroscientific research and emerging neurotechnologies could have on our humanness and on our self-perception as humans. She is also interested in the notion of a “global” or “culturally engaged” neuroethics and on how to include cultural considerations in order to enrich both neuroethics and neuroscience.
Phone: +1 201 2147116
Neuroethics & Neurophilsophy
Any attempt at understanding how the mind and the brain work comes with a set of philosophical, ethical and social issues.
The Human Brain Project
The Human Brain Project is one of the European Community flagship projects and involves over 100 groups. Kathinka Evers leads the philosophical research.
We aim to broaden the field and contribute to the ongoing discussion on the nature of neuroethics with our conceptual approach to fundamental neuroethics.
We develop a conceptual analysis of neuronal epigenesis in relation infant development and education, learning language, and the development of philosophical and religious systems and ethical norms.
Developments in neuroscientific techniques and technologies are increasing the capability to assess and affect the structure and functions of the brain. We explore issues emerging from dual use of this research.
Neuroscience & identity
Exploring the issues
We use philosophical tools to analyse the notion of human identity, its meaning and value, and its relation to the debate on human nature.
International Legal Approaches to Neurosurgery for Psychiatric Disorders
Part of Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 2021.
Anthropomorphism in AI
Part of AJOB Neuroscience, p. 88-95, 2020.
Of Ethical Frameworks and Neuroethics in Big Neuroscience Projects: A View from the HBP
Part of AJOB Neuroscience, p. 167-175, 2020.
Towards Establishing Criteria for the Ethical Analysisof Artificial Intelligence
Part of Science and Engineering Ethics, 2020.
Neuroethics and Philosophy in Responsible Research and Innovation: The Case of the Human Brain Project
Part of Neuroethics, p. 201-211, 2019.
The Human Brain Project: Responsible Brain Research for the Benefit of Society
Part of Neuron, p. 380-384, 2019.
The Need for a Conceptual Expansion of Neuroethics
Part of AJOB Neuroscience, p. 126-128, 2019.
Neuroethics: A Conceptual Approach
Part of Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics, p. 717-727, 2018.
Neuroethics in Context: The Development of the Discipline in Argentina
Part of The Routledge Handbook of Neuroethics, 2018.
Neuroethics Questions to Guide Ethical Research in the International Brain Initiatives
Part of Neuron, p. 19-36, 2018.
Neuroethics & Philosophy of the Brain
The CRB neuroethics research team is an international, multi-disciplinary group. Our backgrounds allow us to approach these issues from theoretical, philosophical, social, bio-political and clinical perspectives. We collaborate closely with neuroscientists to understand the ethical and philosophical questions that neuroscience brings. In this report, we provide a summary of our research. The report was updated in November 2016. We are planning an update in the autumn 2020.