Right to health
[2014-08-27] Access to health care and health rights is not the same around the globe. But how do health rights promote equality? And what role does access to health care play?
A recent book on the right to health care and the public/private divide explores these questions. Studies from the US, UK, Brazil, Canada, the Netherlands, China, Nigeria, Sweden and many others try to answer whether health care promotes equality, or perhaps the opposite.
It looks at the consequences of adding 'right to health' to health systems. Authors with knowledge in legal and health systems in their respective countries, among them Anna-Sara Lind from Uppsala University, help readers see how the role of rights differ around the world.
About the book: Lind A-S, The Right to Health in Sweden, in: Flood, C. & Gross, A. (Eds.) The Right to Health at the Public/Private Divide - A Global Comparative Study, Cambridge University Press, 2014, pp. 51-78
How to communicate with the European composite administration
[2014-08-25] Let's say you want to influence European data protection regulation. What can you do to communicate your ideas in the EU? Jane Reichel has scrutinized the European composite administration to find out how it works. In an article in the German Law Journal she tries to show pathways for communication within the administration.
The individual has always been central to the European project. Jane Reichel, professor of administrative law at Uppsala University, asks how the existing channels for participation works when facing the developing European composite administration.
Jane Reichel is currently writing about the requisites for building a European administrative structure for research and especially ethical review of research. According to her, there is no easy solution for this, since the composite administration is composed by both EU and member state administrations and has an unclear constitutional foundation. More
Plagiarism: a major problem for research
[2014-08-20] Plagiarism is a growing problem in the academic world. New cases are reported on every day and it makes up a substantial number of the misconduct cases we know of. But what counts as plagiarism? And is it always serious?
New cases of plagiarism are reported regularly, sometimes involving very prominent persons. Many investigations of possible misconduct by plagiarism are performed every year, hundreds of them in Sweden alone. But there is still uncertainty about exactly what it means to plagiarize or whether it in fact can sometimes be excused.
According to Gert Helgesson and Stefan Eriksson, plagiarism can never be considered only a question about how many words of one text is repeated in another. In a recent article in Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy, they suggest that we should understand plagiarism as “someone using someone else’s intellectual product (such as texts, ideas, or results), thereby implying that it is their own”. Read more
Neuroscientific evidence is not objective
[2014-08-06] There are many promises and premises of neuroscience being used as evidence in court. But as an Italian case of a pedophile using a brain tumour as defence shows us: neuroscientific evidence is not an objective tool.
In a very limited number of cases, correlations between pathologies in the brain and pedophelia have been shown. At best, such a correlation can be said to be an experimental hypothesis. But the defence introduced this as evidence in an Italian: claiming that a peophile had committed his crimes because of a brain tumour. The prosecution's expert interpreted the evidence in a different way.
In a recent article, Michele Farisco and Carlo Petrini discuss this case and come to the conclusion that neuroscientific evidence is not an unproblematic legal tool. According to the authors, this case underlines the fact that neuroscientific claims are not objective and that the same evidence can be interpreted differently by different experts.
In the article Farisco and Petrini write that the fact that this evidence was relevant deserves international attention. Uncertain scientific evidence can have a big impact on law.
Read article in Neuroethics: On the Stand. Another Episode of Neuroscience and Law Discussion From Italy
Save the date: Epigenetics as the meeting point between nature and nurture
We welcome you to a multidisciplinary workshop on Epigenetics to explore the potential for multidisciplinary research initiatives
Sessions on the early development phase, nutrition, pharmacology, mental disorders and the social contexts
When: 19-20 March 2015, Uppsala, Sweden.
Where: Uppsala University main building
Confirmed speakers include: Marco Boks, Eero Castren Jean-Pierre Changeux, Robert Erikson, Kathinka Evers, Mats G. Hansson, Christina Hultman, Eva Jablonka, Juha Kere, Hugo Lagercrantz, Bertie Lumey, Christopher Murgatroyd, Helen Neville, Gísli Pálsson, Elisabeth Radford, Bart Rutten, Dietmar Spengler, David St Clair and Denny Vågerö
Research for the patient and the professional
[2014-06-13] The relationship between the patient and the health care professionals is one of the themes we have explored at CRB. To help you find out more about our research in nursing ethics and the ethics of care we have put a report together.
We have explored nursing ethics and ethics of care from different angles. A couple of dissertations have already been defended. Current PhD and Postdoc projects deal with everything from no not resuscitate orders, ethical competence for health care staff to telenursing and clinical trials.
If you want some reading for the summer, we suggest you download this pdf with abstracts of our publications and links to articles that are available electronically.
ETHICS BLOG: Summer, sweet summer!
[2014-06-17] Summer is here! The sun is sometimes shining. There is the occasional rain. And very once in a while there is something new on the Ethics Blog.
This summer we will start a new blog project: turning digital into print.The blog will become book and at the end of the year you will be able to read a selection of texts on paper.